Cat People (1942)

by Paul on October 31, 2012

Post image for Cat People (1942)

 ★★★★

 

When I was a child my home didn’t have a cat. At some point we had dogs, birds, hamsters, turtles, and rabbits, but Cat Peoplenever were we allowed to bring a cat into our home. Whenever we went to the zoo and got to the large cats, my mother somehow found a reason to stay far away while the rest of us enjoyed trying to find them all hidden between the trees and in their caves. Once I became a teenager (and a movie fanatic) my mother finally told we why she was deathly afraid of cats: Val Lewton and his 1942 masterpiece, Cat People.

In 1942, when Val Lewton became the head of the horror division at RKO he knew exactly what was expected from his movies. They all needed to have titles approved by the studio, they had to run under 75 minutes and the budgets could never reach above $150,000. Universal was having enormous success with their horror series, but Cat Peopleeach one was costing a small fortune to make. With audiences screaming for more horror, the struggling RKO saw a quick way to capitalize by making cheaper movies that could scare up a quick profit.

For his first project he chose Cat People and teamed up with director Jacques Tourneur on the first of three films they would make together. Lewton carefully planned out all the details before he began. He decided to make “terror” films rather than “horror” films focusing on cheap thrills, with the firm belief that less is always more. His films were filled with a reflective mood where his characters always appear to be searching for something. His characters also were made to be easily identifiable for a 1940’s Cat Peopleaudience. They were seen doing everyday normal activities, and always were seen in their workplace. This was in direct contrast with the Universal horror movies where the main characters were “unusual” and specialized people. It is hard to identify with Dr. Frankenstein or Erique Claudin (Phantom Of The Opera) because we have very little in common with these men, but in Cat People, Kent Smith and Alice Moore both play characters that could be any one of us.

Cat People tells the story of Irena (Simone Simon) and the mystery of a terrible curse that is upon her. In the opening scene she is seen watching the black leopards in the Central Park Zoo. She is sketching clothing designs that will be made to look cats-like when she is Cat Peoplenoticed by Oliver Reed (Kent Smith). They feel an instant connection toward each other and Oliver wants nothing more than to be with her. She is attracted to him also, but explains that where she was raised, in Serbia, her village had once turned to witchcraft and devil worship. King John had come in to destroy the evil “cat people” but the smartest and most evil of them escaped to the mountains. Irena believes that she is a descendant from these cat people, and is afraid that when she is angry or sexually aroused she may become violent. They are married anyway and during the reception at a local Serbian restaurant, a strange woman (Elizabeth Russell immensely resembling a cat) walks up to Irena and says “Moya Sestra”. She walks away and everyone wants to know what the woman said. Irena reveals that the woman simple called her sister.

Irena no longer feels comfortable putting Oliver in danger, and he agrees to wait for her patiently. As the months go byCat People Oliver becomes increasingly frustrated and eventually turns to his co-worker, Jane (Alice Moore), who in turn admits that she is in love with him. Irena seems to have control over herself, but now that another woman is trying to steal her husband, her claws are coming out to defend what is rightfully hers.

Out of all of Val Lewton’s movies, Cat People is my favorite.  It is so original and creative that every time I watch the film I find myself smiling at the simplicity in which it was crafted. Lewton and Tourneur understood the fears that people had of darkness and fully took that fear, turned it around and used to be the best filmmaking tool at their disposal. I am not afraid to say that I think Val Lewton was a genius producer and his filming of these “B” movies made a lasting impression of the filmmaking world. When it was done, Cat People had been filmed over 24 days in the summer of 1942, and cost a grand total of $141,659. Lewton followed all of the guidelines that had been set before him, and thanks to his ingenuity and creative, inexpensive style, he was able to make a film that would continue to scare and haunt audiences for decades to come. Including my mother.

This post is my entry for the Val Lewton blogathon hosted by my friends at Speakeasy and Classic Movie Man. Be sure to read all of the other entries as well.

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{ 8 comments… read them below or add one }

Patricia Nolan-Hall (Caftan Woman) October 31, 2012 at 7:51 AM

One of the special things about “Cat People” is that for each of us who loves the movie, it feels like our private, secret treasure. Another example of the genius of Val Lewton.

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Paul October 31, 2012 at 8:31 AM

Val Lewton made so many treasures, but Cat People has always been my personal favorite. It is such an extremely fascinating film that really shows Lewton’s often overlooked brilliance.

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kristina October 31, 2012 at 10:25 AM

thanks for this, amazing how much impact this movie has, permanently searing itself on people’s memories. He was so good at leaving enough room for mystery and (the key) for each viewer to use their imagination & add in their own personal fears to make the movie “their own”. i have to laugh when i see a movie budget of $142K and refrain from making jokes about the catering bill nowadays etc etc. Thanks! & best, Kristina

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Paul October 31, 2012 at 10:58 AM

Lewton accomplished so much from so little. Cat People is just an amazing film that continues to show its influence on those who watch it today.

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Le November 1, 2012 at 1:08 PM

Wow, what an interesting backstory with Cat People! I’m not usually scared by classic films, but I understand what your mother must have felt. Maybe this is the problem why we don’t have cats in my house, too?
Don’t forget to read my contribution to the blogathon! :)
Greetings!
Le

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Paul November 1, 2012 at 1:23 PM

It is funny how many people find cats to be terrifying due to this film. I never understood what an effect Cat People had on audiences and their love of pets.

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Aurora November 2, 2012 at 2:45 PM

Great write-up on my favorite Lewton film as well. And your mom’s story is testament to how Lewton lingers. His films lurk in the shadows visually but the psychological impact stays with us.

Aurora

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Paul November 2, 2012 at 3:08 PM

Lewton influenced so many film lovers and I think that Cat People is both terrifying and exciting without being gross or disgusting. That is why this is the perfect thriller for me.

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